The Epic of Gilgamesh is an ancient Mesopotamian epic poem about Gilgamesh, king of Uruk.
1. Ancient Mesopotamian Epic
The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the oldest epic poems, dating back to 2150 BCE.
2. Oldest Known Epic
Sin-leqe-unnini, a scribe and priest, is credited with the standard version of the epic.
Gilgamesh seeks immortality after Enkidu's death. He faces trials, battles mythical creatures, and meets immortals.
4. Plot Overview
Enkidu, a wild man, was created by Aruru to rival Gilgamesh. They became close friends and comrades.
5. Creation of Enkidu
Gilgamesh's primary quest in the epic is to find a way to become immortal, driven by the fear of death and the loss of his friend Enkidu.
6. Quest for Immortality
Gilgamesh interacts with gods and goddesses on his journey, including Ishtar, Shamash, and Ea.
7. Encounters with Gods
The epic contains a flood narrative similar to Noah's Ark. Utnapishtim survives the flood and gains immortality.
8. The Flood Story
Gilgamesh failed to achieve immortality, but he accepted his mortality and left a legacy in Uruk.
9. Loss of Immortality
The Epic of Gilgamesh explores friendship, fear of death, meaning of life, and legacy.