The term reformation refers to the religious and political upheavals caused by the new protestant religion within the early 16th century. Reformation began within the European countries in the 16th century so as to reform the abuses within the Roman Catholic Church.
In its essence, the reformation was a revolt against conventions that had lost the justification and had become fetters upon intellectual and spiritual progress rather than aids to its advancement.
It was a Revolt against the Roman papacy, and ultimately Shattered the supreme position of the Pope which he enjoyed throughout the centre age. aside from its attack on the institutions of catholicism.
Protestantism generally laid new stress on the individual’s state of mind within the Spiritual struggle between doubt and Faith: the individual is alone before God, and only faith will cause his salvation.
The reef formation mints the appliance of the spirit of enquiry to the religious sphere And manifested itself in bitter opposition to the exaggerated Authority of the Church as an important intermediary between man and his God.
During this sense, it had been humanistic because it believed within the capacity of man to manage his own spirit affairs through the soul guidance of the Bible and fight the temptations of the planet, the Flash the Devil.
In this way, The Renaissance and Reformation were the products of an equivalent Impulse of freedom which was released by new learning.
The immediate cause for the breach with Rome was the question of ‘ divorce ‘ . Henry wanted to be divorced from his wife, Catherine of Aragon, who had been his wife for 18 years. she bore him seven children, but all of them died except Princess Mary. Henry Wanted a male inheritor, for the want of a male heir, made the Tudor dynasty seem insecure.
Moreover, he fell crazy with the sprightly and voluptuous Boleyn. under these circumstances, a Pointed question was Pricking his heart. it had been an issue whether nor Henry had ever been her first husband. little question a papal dispensation had been obtained but could the pop grant dispensation from law.
The royal duty must be relieved and in 1527 Henry asked cardinal Wolsey to get it but he failed badly. The Pope couldn’t oblige Henry, because after the sack of Rome the Pope was within the power of Charles V of Spain, who was the nephew of Catherine. The Pope couldn’t Displace Him and thus displeased Henry