“Dover Beach” conveys a critical view of life in several ways. One of the main criticisms in the poem is the idea that the world is becoming a darker and more uncertain place. The speaker reflects on how the world once seemed full of beauty and hope, but now seems dark and uncertain.
He speaks of how faith and love once seemed to offer hope, but now seem to have lost their power. This criticism is reflected in the imagery of the waves, which are compared to a “grating roar” that is a reminder of the harshness and uncertainty of life.
Another criticism in the poem is the idea that people have lost the sense of connection to one another and to the natural world. The speaker laments that the world is becoming a more lonely place and that people have lost the sense of connection to one another and to the natural world.
This criticism is reflected in the imagery of the sea, which is described as a “melancholy, long, withdrawing roar,” which could be interpreted as the sound of a lover leaving.
A third criticism in the poem is the idea of the loss of faith in something, whether it is love, religion, or humanity. The speaker is questioning the world and its meaning of it, how the world is changing, and how it is losing its beauty, hope, and love.
Finally, the poem also criticizes the lack of certainty and purpose in life, as the speaker expresses his doubts about the world, and the human experience, and how people are losing the sense of direction in their lives.
“Dover Beach” conveys a critical view of life through its themes of change, isolation, and love, the loss of faith in something, the loss of connections, and the lack of certainty and purpose in life, the poem reflects on the human condition and the power of love, but also the negative side of it.